Whenever we speak about education, we cannot avoid two most significant the different parts of learning and teaching. We should always take into consideration emotional and mental attitudes to educational process. Successful education presupposes cognitive improvement of learners against creative background of mental and emotional motivations. Nowadays particular attention is paid to types of teaching and assessment of knowledge acquisition. It is excellent to find out and recognize talented students at the earliest stages of educational process and help them to achieve their purposes in the most truly effective way. In this context, it is difficult to overvalue the investigations in the aspects of memory, motivations, and emotions. No less important can also be students’emotional attitude to learning and teaching. Here such factor as college humor plays an important part.
Principles and values in education
Those teachers who keep to the right principles and values in education get useful multifaceted support inside their professional work, helping them to create practical activity most efficient and causing enlightenment of these pupils. There are sciences such as for instance psychology, sociology, and philosophy which make particular contribution to assisting in logical investigation of behavior and attitudes of the students. The current day education demonstrates the resurgence of interest to these disciplines becoming the inseparable part of all good quality educational programs. Educationalists accumulated significant quantity of understanding of learning processes, individual reaction to teaching, and educational prospects.
Educational psychology and mental way of teaching
Numerous mental approaches to teaching presuppose that education must develop such qualities as intellect and correct attitudes to knowledge keeping to everlasting values. A good choice of the right material clarifies your brain and increases intellectual potential. The training is grounded on replication and committing to memory. Intellectual potential of the teacher in cases like this plays particularly significant part. However, in this way of teaching also takes into consideration psychological features of young students. The mental approach understands your brain as a range of comparatively autonomous abilities a course in miracles free. The principles of this process value such qualities as reason, feelings, knowledge, duty, sound judgment, perception, and action. School subjects are valued for what they’re worth of and for what abilities they develop.
How nature helps to develop emotional attitude to learning
Humans are caused by natural development and the teacher must create the most effective conditions for mental and emotional growth. The student’s personal experience becomes central and educational process should offer probably the most suitable conditions for the development. In this case particular attention is paid to action and skills. Teachers want encourage interest to learning with particular reliance upon student’s proper forces and resources, and with particular focus on impulsive, impromptu creativity.
Reflexes and associations in learning and teaching
Learning how to distinguish objects, terms, symbols, and the language of spanish, as a matter of fact, is the process of forming conditional reflexes. In this case the learner creates the tools to solve problems. Learning becomes an active process helping to deal with further tasks. Moreover, not merely the mental abilities, but additionally the emotions may be developed in this way. It’s possible to experience emotional arousal even yet in broader than original associated circumstances. Experts affirm that college humor could become useful contributing emotional component using this standpoint. These approaches could also explain positive and negative attitudes of students to learning and educational institutions. Learning also presupposes creating of associations between various constituents. Mental and emotional activity makes some ideas conscious at the same time sending other thoughts to subconsciousness. New information is related to old ones forming the foundation for associative thinking. Moreover, old associations could also undergo transformations owing to new experience.
Gestalt psychology and education
Gestalt psychologists affirm that the whole is more compared to simple amount of the composing elements. The training presupposes assimilation of those components that seem to be most significant with subsequent reconsideration. This multi-level structural approach can result in understanding and solution of various problems. The Gestalt approach attracts focus on the thought of the whole, the relations of the composing elements, and modifications of mental structures in the form of adaptation and adjustment.
Developmental stages and power of knowledge
Educationalists mention to the developmental stages of mental and emotional growth. The teacher must detect the learner’s capabilities and offer suitable resources and techniques to develop them. The growth through various intellectual stages as well as active experience is essential. Cognitive approach pays particular focus on just how of thinking in acquiring knowledge. Perception and action go before the capability to operate with symbols and pave just how for comprehensive thinking. Thinking presupposes the encouragement of intellectual awareness, play with ideas, choosing of suitable suggestions, and substantiation of appropriateness. The incentive to cognitive education may be the direct consequence of the learner’s intellectual aspirations and efforts.